Implantology is the branch of dentistry closely related to oral and periodontal surgery that gives solutions to all forms of edentulism (toothlessness). Implants can be used to replace one tooth or more teeth, without the filing down of the adjacent teeth.
Additional fixation of complete denture prostheses is also possible by using a smaller number of implants and ankle connectors which connect the implant and the complete denture prosthesis. This is particularly true for the often mobile lower complete dental prostheses.
Elio Morelato, DMD, defended his master thesis dealing with «The Retention of the lower complete denture prosthesis to the implants» in 2010.
Dental implants are self-cutting titanium screws placed in a bearing prepared in the jawbone. They replace the root of a natural tooth. The procedure of implant placement is performed under local anaesthesia and is completely painless.
A prosthetic post that replaces a reduced tooth crown is placed on the dental implant. A dental crown or a bridge is definitely affixed to the post.
The basic requirements for the placement of a dental implant are a sufficient amount of bone in the jaw, which is estimated by an obligatory panoramic imaging of the jaw or a CT scan, absence of any chronic disease and good oral hygiene.